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Complete Digital Photography Information - Reviews, Tips & Resources

Cameras, Photo Editing, Photoshop, Printers, Scanners,...

9/07/2017 - Optimized for Firefox 55.0.3 -

COPYRIGHT 2009 thru 2017 - David R. Woodsmall

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I created these websites ONLY to provide free information to help other people

I am NOT a business of any kind, and make NO money providing this information

There is NOTHING for sale here - Feel free to link to any of my web pages

I am NOT Responsible for any Errors - Use at your own risk

I started this web page to cover my interests in Taking, Editing, Scanning
and Printing of high-quality (digital) Photographs, Photoshop and other related things.

New camera models come out in February and October.

Jump Table - not all subjects have an entry


INDEX - Digital Photography Information JUMP TABLE - Click on your selection

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Relevant terms are listed here, alphabetically. Not all terms have "Jump Table" entries (the above table). Note: Lots more information on Terms may be found at: .

Adobe RGB 1998

See also: See also:

AIE - Automatic Image Enhancement

Xerox has invented printer software that automatically adjusts small areas in a picture, at a time, to correct contrast problems. This technique is called local contrast enhancement. Xerox has named their technique AIE - Automatic Image Enhancement. AIE will soon be found in xerox printers, and may be included in image enhacement software.


ENSURE it comes with (or you can download) DRIVERS for

YOUR Version of Windows (including 32-bit or 64-bit versions).

MY preference would be a CANON (NON-AIO) Printer

Only buy a FAX machine if you can turn incoming faxes OFF

YOU may not like a product that has great reviews

I am not responsible for any errors or if you dislike a product

AIO - All-In-One. MFD - Multifunction Device MFP - Multifunction Printer


Brother MFC-6490cw - Tabloid-sized (11 by 17 inches) MFP with fax - 5

Brother MFC-7840W - Monochrome (NO COLOR) laser all-in-one printer



WELL, FOO! I would NOT personally recommend any of these All-In-One Canon Printers (12/200) (based on reviews), while I Love Canon photo printers.

Canon Pixma MP480 AIO Printer

CANON PIXMA MP990 WIRELESS AIO PRINTERCONTRARY TO WHAT CANON SAYS, INSTALL ONLY FROM THE CD (NOT the Internet). I am not normally fond of AIO devices - they usually fall short when attempting to do everything. However, I bought one of these MP990s when my beloved I9900 Photo Printer Died. As Canon told me, the MP990 does print photos every bit as great as my old I9900 (although the MP990 maxes out at boarderless 8.5x11 Pictures. I found the MP990 for 0 at Amazon.com (free shipping)(new, sold by Amazon). Picture quality is excellent. Standalone Copying was excellent, I did have to make the colors a little darker, to totally match the original that I scanned. I have had it for only 3 days, now. Note - this unit does not do any FAXing, but it can be used as a stand-alone copier without needing to be connected to a computer. Copy Reduction / Enlargement = 25%-400% READ THE REVIEWS - Noisy, may sometimes print your one page output spread over two pages (that is not correct). I am so far using it from 3 computers, via an ethernet network. It does have a single port for a USB connection to a computer. If you use an ethernet connection, you have your choice of EITHER 1] Wireless (IEEE802.11g and will operate in the 2.4GHz), or 2] Wired Ethernetnet (but NOT both). The MP990 accepts "PictBridge" and can print directly from various memory cards, infared devices and has an optional Bluetooth connection. It uses Six ink cartridges. Compatible memory cards include SD Memory Card, SDHC , MultiMediaCard, MultiMediaCard Plus, CompactFlash Card, Microdrive, Memory Stick, Memory Stick PRO, Memory Stick Duo and Memory Stick PRO Duo. The following memory cards can be used with the addition of a special adapter sold separately: miniSD Card, miniSDHC, microSD Card, microSDHC, RS-MMC, Memory Stick Micro, xD-Picture Card, xD-Picture Card (Type M), and xD-Picture Card (Type H). So far, I like it very much. Max. Paper Size: 8.5x14 inches Max. Resolution (Color): 9,600x2,400dpi Max. Resolution (Monochrome): 600x600dpi Scanner Resolution (Optical): 4,800x9,600ppi LCD Size (Diagonal): 3.8 inches Dimensions (HWD): 7.9x18.5x15.2 inches "impressive scanner import, easy wi fi connection, fabulous photo prints, film scan adapter, works great over wired ethernet." "Built-in duplexing, USB flash drive connectivity"

Canon PIXMA MX7600 0

Canon PIXMA MX860 0

Canon MX330 -

Canon Pixma MP980 - 4

EPSON All-In-One Photo Printers

Epson Workforce 600 - no FAX - 0

Epson Workforce 600 is my RECOMMENDED AIO (12/2009) based on reviews

Quick to setup on Win2k3 laptop, XP desktop, and Mac powerbook.

Epson Workforce 610 (AIO) - 4 individual ink cartridges

Epson Stylus NX515 - AIO -

Epson Artisan 800

HP - Hewlett-Packard AIO Photo Printers

HP Photosmart Premium All-in-One Printer CD055A#ABA - SUPERCEDES HP Photosmart C6380

Too new for professional reviews. Users rate it 5 of 5 one place, 4.5 of 5 another. 5-INK Cyan, magenta, yellow, photo black, pigment black Networking: Standard (built-in Ethernet, WiFi 802.11n, Bluetooth) Connectivity: 1 USB 2.0; 1 Ethernet; 1 PictBridge; 1 WiFi 802.11n; 1 Bluetooth Wireless: Builit-in Print, copy, scan, direct digital photo print Tray: Main tray: letter, legal, executive, 3 x 5 in, 4 x 6 in, 5 x 7 in, 8 x 10 in, No. 10 envelopes; photo tray: 3.5 x 5 in, 4 x 6 in, 5 x 7 in Duplexer: Letter 125-sheet input tray; 20-sheet photo tray FLATBED SCANNER: Optical: Up to 4800 dpi PRINT BLACK: Up to 600 x 600 dpi PRINT COLOR: 9600 x 2400 optimized dpi (on selected HP photo papers and 1200 input dpi) BORDERLESS PRINTING: Yes (up to 8.5 x 11 in)

HP Photosmart Premium Fax C309 - 0

HP Photosmart Premium TouchSmart Web All-in-One Printer - 0

Ships with a full set of drivers and software for Windows Vista x32, Vista x64, XP (SP1 or higher), Windows 7, and Windows 7 x64. HP says that drivers and software for OS X v10.6 should be shipping with the printer shortly. Text - good, not resume perfeect. graphics - pros and cons Photos easily qualified as true photo quality.

HP Photosmart C6380 (AIO - NO FAX) - 0 (0 on sale - discontinued)


5-INK Cyan, magenta, yellow, photo black, pigment black 8.2-by-17.8-by-16-inch (HWD) SCANNING: 600 x 600 dpi (mono) / up to 4800 x 4800 dpi (color) PRINTING: up to 600 x 600 dpi (mono) / up to 9600 x 2400 dpi (color) Max Document Reduction 50 % Max Document Enlargement 400 % : "Text quality was a bit below par. Overall graphics quality was better than you'll get from most inkjets. Photo quality was also better than what you get from most inkjets. Pictures should last 30 years exposed to the air." -

HP Officejet J6480 == COSTCO hp 6500

HP Officejet Pro 8500 All-in-One Printer series - A909 - ED: 8.8/10 - USERS: + - 3

I am seeing a lot of people with problems - Google: review HP Officejet Pro 8500 All-in-One Printer +A909 It may, however, be an excellent printer (I haven't tried one). "The quality of photos is good, but the 1200x1200dpi hardware print resolution causes a slight grain." "Self-cleaning process renders it unusable for one to two minutes, feathered text in documents." ALL REVIEWS THAT I AM FINDING, REALLY QUOTE THE REVIEW THAT I LISTED ABOVE.

LEXMARK AIO Photo Printers

Lexmark X7675 Pro - 0-200 - ED:: Users: 1/2

Artifact - An introduced effect that was not present in the original video or audio. Artifacts are sometimes called "noise", as they have corrupted the signal.


At the moment, I have no experience with these companies

Be sure to read about problems with Batteries and Chargers that only have TWO ELECTRICAL LEADS ().


Should you get a camera that uses standard "AA" batteries (the size - the batteries themselves could be rechargeable or throw-away [dsicard legally and safely]), or a camera that uses a custom made battery? Cameras with custom made batteries will provide more pictures per full battery charge, and really advanced digital cameras always use a custom battery. While the custom sized camera batteries will give you more pictures per full charge, you have to ensure that they are always charged. I found that even with two such batteries, when those special occasions arose, the batteries were never charged and would take hours to charge, so NO Digital pictures. I finally got so tired of not having charged batteries when needed, that, for my more simple digital cameras, I bought cameras that used "AA" sized batteries. I use rechargeable "AA" batteries, but then if the batteries run out and I have no charged spare batteries, I use non-rechargeable batteries (you will probably have to buy Lithium-ion batteries to produce enough current to run your camera - check you camera's specifications). Most digital cameras seem to use custom batteries, but you can find very good, easy-to-use digital cameras that use "AA" size batteries. For sophisticated cameras, you will have to buy one that takes custom rechargeable batteries. NOTE - THIS IS LESS AND LESS TRUE AS TIME GOES BY

Do NOT Buy Camera Batteries/Chargers with only two Electrical Leads

WARNING: I bought some generic Batteries and Battery Chargers for my 2Ti, but ended up throwing them away. The OEM batteries now all come with three electrical connections on them. The Third connection is used to monitor battery temperature while charging and often other purposes. Thus units with only two connectors may work fine, BUT they are much more dangerous as they are more likely (might never) to catch fire and explode. Some Vendors are using more than Three connections. I suggest that you examine an Original Equipment battery and charger before buying replacements. Also, ensure that the new battery has at LEAST the same Voltage and Capacity (usually stated in mAh [milliampere-hour (mA·h or mAh)]). Battery Replacement Requirements - SUMMARY: 1) Has to be the correct size 2) Has to be the correct voltage 3) Has to be the correct capacity (OR BETTER) 4) In my OPINION, have the same number of battery "leads" ("wires"). AT THE MOMENT, I HAVE NO EXPERIENCE WITH THESE (Camera) BATTERY COMPANIES bit - A binary digit - the smallest piece of digital data possible. bit rate - The number of bits (data sent) measured over a specified time - also called the data rate. - Candela per square metre - a (video / ) measure of . 7 - I've been told that NERO 7 will NOT allow to create backups of your own, purchased music CDs that employ the copy protection flag. I understand that NERO does not want to help music pirates, who does, but since NERO 7 seems to preclude making a backup copy of your own purchased, music CD, so you can use it in the car and (the same copy) at work (or for the kids), without causing any wear and tear on your original purchase, which is stored safely away, and not played: I CAN NOT RECOMMEND NERO 7, Unless you need something only NERO has. I've also read that NERO 6.6 does NOT have this problem. Easy Media Creator 8 Suite - I do NOT know if the latest version of Roxio, Roxio Easy media Creator 8 Suite, allows you to create one backup copy of your purchased, copyrighted, music CD or not - you might want to find out. I've heard that Easy Media Creator 7.5 does NOT have this problem.

CinemaDNG - Open Digital Cinema File Format


CAMERA SENSOR DUST BUSTERS: Olympus was first to combat the problem of dust on the digital camera's sensor, called sensor vibration technology, in 2003. Sony's new Alpha Digital SLR has a similar technology. Cannon has now introduced the most comprehensive system, EOS cleaning system. Canon designed the low-pass filter, separating it into two parts (reducing the chance for dust to get on the sensor), added vibration technology and feature that maps any remaining particles to remove them with software.



Tastes very. For myself, while I look at all cameras each time I need to buy one, I always seem to not like Fujifilm, nor Kodak point-and-shoot cameras. I usually do not like Panasonic cameras, although, this year (12/2009) I'm tempted by one of the Panasonic point-and-shoot cameras. I haven't liked Samsung cameras, but I will check out the Samsung HZ15W. I rarely find a Sony that fits my needs. This time, the Sony DSC-HX1 may do the job. BUT I bought both a , with an 18-200mm lens, and a . While I've had both Nikon and Olympus digital cameras in the past, these days I usually prefer a Canon point- and-shoot digital camera. THESE ARE MY PERSONAL OPINIONS - YOU AND EVERYONE ELSE MAY LOVE THEM.

CAMCORDERS (Video Cameras) - REVIEWS of (most) All Brands & Models







CANON FS300 Digital Camcorder - 0

37x optical/2000x digital zoom 2.7" color LCD widescreen monitor 1/6" CCD image sensor With 680,000 pixels for crystal-clear images. DIGIC DV II image processor. Dynamic image stabilizer.

Canon HF-M31 Camcorder - 0

15x optical/300x digital zoom Dynamic SuperRange optical image stabilization; face detection; night recording Canon - Vixia High-Definition Camcorder with 2.7" LCD Touch Screen - Black Dynamic "two handed" optical stabilization works well ONE REVIEW STATED: Low Light Performance Summary • Low light performance was a disappointment overall, although noise levels weren't too bad. • The camcorder had a very poor low light sensitivity, and its color accuracy wasn't very strong. • Saturation levels improved when using alternate frame rates to record video, but color accuracy didn't change much. Canon HF M31 versus Panasonic HDC-HS60 In low light, we give a slight edge to the Panasonic, although the differences between the two camcorders wasn't all that huge. "as illumination drops. In poor lighting, the image is noticeably darker than top models with larger sensors"

Canon HF-R10 Camcorder - 0

We BOUGHT THE for a Month of Safari's in Africa - My wife says, the camera did a nice job. 20x optical/400x digital zoom; 1.56MP digital still resolution; image stabilization; DIGIC DV III image processor; face detection technology VIXIA 2.39MP HD 1/5.5", 2.39-megapixel CMOS image sensor 3.0-60mm f/1.8-3.6 - Optical: 20x 1080/60i @ 24 Mbps. (all video interpolated up from 1,664 x 936). It has optical image stabilization. 2.7" Widescreen LCD Display DIGIC DV III image processor. Built-in 8 GB Memory (HF-R10 ONLY) SD/ SDHC Memory Card Slot - SD/SDHC Up To 32GB Video/Image Eye-Fi SD Memory Card Compatible MPEG4-AVC / H.264 BP-2L5 Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Battery Pack from Canon ACCESSORIES for HF-R10, HF-R11 and HF-R100: Battery Pack NB-2LH - Canon CB-2LW Battery Charger - Canon ( - bhphoto) CAN GET: Pearstone Mini AC/DC Battery Charger for Canon NB-2L/2LH/2L12 NO WAY - THEY ARE WRONG Mini AC/DC Battery Charger for Canon NB-2L/2LH/2L12 MFR# CMNB2L MAXIMUM RECORDING TIMES (HF-R10, HF-R11 and HF-R100) OR DOES THIS INCLUDE BUILT-IN MEMORY???: 32GB SD memory card (not supplied) LP (5Mbps) 12 hours 15 minutes SP (7Mbps) 9 hours 35 minutes XP+ (12Mbps) 5 hours 45 minutes FXP (17Mbps) 4 hours 10 minutes - Allows 1920 x 1080 Full HD Recording 16GB SD CARD (derrived from the 32GB times): 16GB SD memory card (not supplied) LP (5Mbps) 6 hours 7 1/2 minutes SP (7Mbps) 4 hours 47 minutes XP+ (12Mbps)2 hours 52 minutes FXP (17Mbps) 2 hours 5 minutes - Allows 1920 x 1080 Full HD Recording 8GB SD CARD (derrived from the 32GB times): 8GB SD memory card (not supplied) LP (5Mbps) 3 hours 3 minutes SP (7Mbps) 2 hours 23 minutes XP+ (12Mbps)1 hours 26 minutes FXP (17Mbps) 1 hours 2 minutes - Allows 1920 x 1080 Full HD Recording The HF-R100 is identical but NO builtin memory. We BOUGHT THE for a Month of Safari's in Africa - My wife says, the camera did a nice job.

CANON HF-R100 (NO builtin Memory)

SD memory cards. "Initially, the factory setting for video disappointed. Once the Camera was configured to HD CINE 24 frame mode, the results became much more clear, vivid, detailed & acceptable."


Panasonic HDC-HS60 Camcorder - 9

Low Light Performance Summary Overall low light performance was one of the best all-around scores we've seen. Low light color accuracy was average for a camcorder of its class but the saturation level was very good. Noise levels were also decent, while low light sensitivity was better than most mid-range HD camcorders are capable of. OH-OU - SHOULD BE PANASONIC Optical Zoom: 25x 1/4.1? MOS sensors 35.7mm Wide Angle Lens The greater the zoom, the less the Stabilization Total Pixel Count: 3,320,000 1080i Aspect Ratio: 16:9 Records Onto: HDD (120GB) or SD/SDHC/SDXC Card Recording Format: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 Filter Diameter: 46mm Built-in Video Light: Yes "Canon HF M31 versus Panasonic HDC-HS60 In low light, we give a slight edge to the Panasonic, although the differences between the two camcorders wasn't all that huge." Movie clips are recorded, using the AVCHD format, to an impressive 120GB HDD. "With four recording settings this means there's the potential to record between 15 and 51 hours of video." -


Samsung HMX-H200BN Digital camcorder - .1

20x optical/220x digital zoom; up to 4.7MP still image capture; night recording; Smart optical image stabilization


Sony DCR-SX44 Digital Camcorder -

2.7" LCD Monitor - Red $ 277 60x optical/2000x digital zoom; (HAH!) SteadyShot image stabilization; 1/8" Advanced HAD CCD image sensor; face detection technology

Sony DCR-SX63 Digital Camcorder

60x optical/2000x digital zoom (HAH!). low-light recording LED video light; SteadyShot stabilization 2.7" Clear Photo color LCD monitor Swivels 270° to give you a clear view of the action. 1/8" Advanced HAD CCD image sensor With 680K total pixels and 340K effective pixels in 4:3 format (250K in 16:9 format) for crystal-clear still images. 720 x 480 video resolution (410K pixels in 16:9 format, 340K in 4:3 format). Carl Zeiss Vario-Tessar lens Records video directly to the 16GB internal flash memory Also supports Secure Digital, Secure Digital High Capacity, Memory Stick Duo, Memory Stick PRO Duo and Memory Stick PRO-HG Duo memory cards (not included).

Sony DCR-SR68/L Camcorder - $ 320

80GB Hard Disk Drive and 2.7" LCD Monitor - Blue. 60x optical/2000x digital zoom; SteadyShot image stabilization. 1/8" Advanced HAD CCD image sensor; face detection technology. 2.7" LCD Monitor - Swivels 270 degree.

Sony Handycam CX110 Digital Camcorder - 4? 0

25x optical zoom, image stabilization, Full HD "Sony calls “Full HD 1080,” which is 1440 x 1080 lines of resolution interpolated to be viewed as 1920 x 1080/60i." - a low-light-friendly EXMOR R sensor, a 2.7-inch LCD touch-screen monitor, HDMI output. Records only to memory cards.

Sony HDR-CX150/L15 Camcorder

25x optical/300x digital zoom. film (video) in both SD and HD 2.7 inch LCD - Back-illuminated Exmor R CMOS sensor. Bring stunning detail and clarity to video. 3.0-megapixel digital still images and 1920 x 1080 full HD video recording. SteadyShot image stabilization. Digital still camera mode Captures images on Memory Stick PRO Duo, Secure Digital and Secure Digital High Capacity media (not included). 16GB embedded flash memory for storing 1920 x 1080 high-definition videos. "The electronic stabilization does not work" "Zoom motor noise is very audible in quiet settings" "The "smooth slow-mo 240 fps" is NOT HD 1080i60 quality" "No windscreen for the mics. Combine that with no external mic capability and you won't be able to hear anything in windy conditions." "No "night shot" infrared" "WORSE THAN EXPECTED LENS FLARE PROBLEM IN BRIGHT SUNLIGHT"

Sony HDR-CX350V Camcorder -

ONLY 12x optical/160x digital zoom Sony - High-Definition Handycam Camcorder w/32GB Flash Memory and 2.7" LCD Monitor $ 900 on sale for 0 7MP still image capture; back-illuminated Exmor R CMOS sensor for low-light recording; SteadyShot mode


CANON Digital Cameras (DIGICAMS) REVIEWS - Many Models

NIKON Digital Camera (DIGICAMS) Reviews

OLYMPUS Digital Camera (DIGICAMS) Reviews

PANASONIC Digital Camera (DIGICAMS) Reviews

PENTAX Digital Cameras (DIGICAMS) Reviews

SAMSUNG Digital Cameras (DIGICAMS) Reviews

SONY Digital Cameras (DIGICAMS) Reviews

  • ================================================================================================= ================================================================================================= CANON DIGICAMS: Canon Powershot A480 (batteries) optical zoom Pics per charge stabilization 37mm to 122mm Canon Powershot A1000 IS AA 4x 2.5 240? DIGIC III Viewfinder 35 - 140 mm THIS IS DIS-CONTINUED - You may find some at Staples - I called 4 stores to locate one. Sharpening: or you can change the in-camera setting if you don't like the default results. Canon NB4-300 AA NiMH (2500mAh) Rechargeable Batteries (4-pack) NiMH rechargeable AAs is good for up to 500 exposures. (battery type) optical zoom Pics per charge Cost LCD size Camera Firmware Canon Powershot A1100 IS AA 9 4x 2.5 146 pics Digic 4 Viewfinder 35-140mm <<< less than stellar image quality in low-light due to obvious noise appearing at ISO 400 and faster, a low-resolution LCD screen, annoyingly slow flash recycle times, and a slow continuous shooting speed. Switch to rechargeables if you want more shots per charge. DELL 9 http://www.broadwayphoto.com/productlistings.aspx?cid=21&qu=canon+A1100 = 9 (Blue) FREE shipping http://www.aandmphotoworld.com/productlistings.aspx?qu=Canon%20Powershot%20A1100 = 9 Blue - FREE shipping Canon Powershot A1200 IS no 250 3x 3-inch 220 pics Digic 4 APPARENTLY, NOT OUT YET ================================================================================================= Canon Powershot A2000 IS AA 6x 3-inch (worse) - AVOID in our opinions PICS/Battery Charge Canon Powershot A3000 IS Lithium 4x 2.7" 230 DIGIC III NO-Viewfinder 35 - 140 mm USB 1.1? (not 2.0?) The 10.0 Megapixel resolution and 4x Optical Zoom with Optical Image Stabilizer ensure detailed images. Plus, you've got an advanced DIGIC III Image Processor. JPEG/Motion JPEG (.AVI) 3,648x2,736 pixels/ 640x480 at 30fps. Image stabilization type: Optical and digital SD, SDHC, and SDXC CNET: "Again, the battery is a small rechargeable pack with an average shot count. It can't be charged in camera and the battery door doesn't lock and feels like it'll easily snap off; something to keep in mind if you're rough on your electronics. The A3000 IS is overall a slow shooter. Most compacts in its price range are slow, so you won't really get better from another camera." Canon Powershot A3100 IS Lithium 4x 2.7 240 DIGIC III NO-Viewfinder 35 - 140 mm USB 1.1? (not 2.0?) 12 megapixels, 1/2.3-inch CCD Shutter speed: 1 - 1/1600 sec. 15 - 1/1600 sec. (Total shutter speed range) Recycling Time: 10 sec. or less (battery voltage=3.7V) Still Image: Exif 2.2 (JPEG) Movie: AVI (Image: Motion JPEG; Audio: WAVE (Monaural)) SD/SDHC/SDXC Memory Card, MultiMediaCard, MMC Plus Card, HC MMC Plus Card Canon Powershot D10 no 3x 2.5 WEATHERPROOF Canon Powershot G11 no 450 5x 2.8 Canon Ixus 80is no 2.5 ================================================================================================= - old - but I have info Canon S3 IS - too old Canon S4 IS - too old Canon Powershot SD780 IS no 3x 2.5 261 pics Digic4 33mm to 100mm Canon Powershot SD850 IS 4x 35 - 140 Canon Powershot SD880 IS no 270 3-inch 310 pics Digic4 28mm to 112mm Canon Powershot SD940 IS no 4x 2.7 Canon Powershot SD990 no 3.7x 3-inch Canon Powershot SD1100 IS 150 3x 2.5 38 - 114 mm Canon Powershot SD1200 IS no 149 3x 2.5 260 pics "BAD IMAGES" 35mm on the wide-angle end to 105mm "fine back-pocket camera as long as your photo-quality expectations are reasonable" - CNET. "Photo quality is very good for its class. Better than most, actually" CNET. 1st of 162 in Ultra Compact 1st of 7 in ELPH 3rd of 96 in 9 and 10 Megapixels 3rd of 26 in Powershot 5th of 75 in Canon 1st of 73 in Under 0 1st of 75 in 0 - 0 Canon Powershot SX1 IS 390 pics Canon Powershot SX10 IS 600 pics AA 7 20x 2.5 articulated Digic4 12.1 Megapixel 3rd of 55 in Extended Zoom 6th of 26 in Powershot Long battery life when using rechargeables 8th of 43 in HD Video 6th of 71 in 12 Megapixels 11th of 75 in Canon 6th of 80 in 0 - 0 "the camera continually adjusts focus and exposure. Continuous Shooting AF adjusts auto focus between shots – so users can capture action with clarity". Canon PowerShot SX20IS 12.1MP Digital Camera with 20x - Amazon Canon Powershot SX100 Canon Powershot SX110 IS AA 0 10x 3-inch 140 pics NUMBER 4 in extended ZOOM 36-360mm W 4.35 x D 2.77 x 1.76 Canon Powershot SX120 IS AA 9 10x 3-inch 130 pics Digic4 JPEG/Motion JPEG (.AVI) 36-360mm (35mm equivalent) 2nd of 84 in Point and Shoot 8th of 96 in 9 and 10 Megapixels 7th of 26 in Powershot 14th of 75 in Canon 4th of 75 in 0 - 0 4th of 99 in 0 - 0 Canon Powershot SX200 IS no 12x 3-inch 325 pics DIGIC 4 28mm on the wide-angle end to 336mm FUJIFILM: Fujifilm FinePix F200 EXR 5x 3-inch irritating annoyances and pesky flaws 28mm - Fujifilm FinePix S700 AA 10x 2.5 38 - 380 KODAK: Kodak EasyShare C182 AA ??? 3x 3.0 32mm wide-angle to 96mm 12.7 MP (4164 × 3050) 2 AA Ni-MH batteries, 2 AA lithium batteries, 2 AA alkaline batteries Take HD pictures in 16:9 format Shutter speed: 8–1/1400 sec Still format: JPEG/EXIF v2.21 Picture Size: 12 MP (4000 × 3000)—4:3 10.7 MP (4000 × 2666)—3:2 9.0 MP (4000 × 2250)—16:9 6.2 MP (2880 × 2160)—4:3 3.1 MP (2048 × 1536) 2.1 MP (1920 × 1088)—16:9 1.2 MP (1280 × 960) Video: QUICKTIME motion JPEG with audio recording VGA (640 × 480) at 30 fps, QVGA (320 × 240) at 30 fps 16 MB internal memory[1]available, SD/SDHC card expansion slot "The battery life isn't great WITH NORMAL AAs and you have to reset the date and time every time you swap out batteries." "NOT good with motion pictures - usually blurry)" "BUY ADDITIONAL MEMORY" "Use HIGH capacity rechargable Ni-MH batteries (the more current they output, the better) - OR use Lithium Batteries. Kodak EasyShare Z915 AA 200 10x 2.5 35mm wide-angle to 350mm NIKON: Nikon Coolpix P100 0 26x 3-inch HVGA TFT-LCD Clear Color display - PictaBridge dual image stabilization; back-illuminated CMOS sensor Nikon Coolpix S90 0 3.9x 3-inch Digic 4 28-110mm Nikon Coolpix S560 no 5x 2.7 Nikon Coolpix S600 Nikon Coolpix S610 3.6 3-inch Nikon Coolpix S710 3.6 3-inch SLOW Nikon Coolpix L20 AA 0 3.6x 3-inch 230 pics 38mm to 136mm 35mm Equilvalent= 25-125mm It is impossible to tell by reference to a review on the LCD if you have taken a decent picture http://www.aandmphotoworld.com/productlistings.aspx?qu=Nikon%20Coolpix%20L20 = 9 DEEP RED - Free Shipping Nikon Coolpix L22 AA 0 3.6x 3-inch 660 (lithium) pics 37mm to 134mm 35mm Equilvalent= 25-125mm 240 (alkaline) Pics Vibration Reduction (VR). 12 Million effective pixels [12.39 million (approx.)] Motion Detection. Can give you best of a Ten shot spread (BSS - Best Shot Selector). Blink Warning. In-Camera Red-Eye Fix. (optional) Face-Priority AF (3 faces). 16 Scene Modes. SD/SDHC memory cards. Nikon Coolpix L100 AA <280 15x 3-inch TOO BIG FOR JOANY 2.8 x 4.3 x 3.0 in. 28mm to 420mm ===================================================================================================================================== OLYMPUS: Olympus FE-5010 no 5x 2.7 OLYMPUS FE 5010 0 5x 2.7 16-faces, smile-guard microSD & xD-Picture Card - TruePic III Image Processor 36mm to 180mm for me the results weren’t as good. The camera scores for Exposure fell into the middle of the pack. Color Quality score that barely made the top tier with other 0 point-and-shoot cameras we’ve seen The FE-5010’s Sharpness and Distortion scores, however, were below average. Olympus SP-550 UZ AA 18x 2.5 28mm - 504 mm Olympus SP-800 0 30x 5x 3-inch 14.0-Megapixel Digital Camera - Titanium OLYMPUS Stylus-7000 0 7x 3-inch 37mm to 260mm Auto-mode increases ISO TOO MUCH - bad for pictures OLYMPUS Stylus-9000 5 10X optical + 5X digital 2.7-inch 28mm - 280mm F3.2 - F5.9 1/2.33" (CCD) 3968 x 2976 (12 Megapixel) ===================================================================================================================================== PANASONIC: Panasonic Lumix DMC-FP8 250 28 to 128mm NO 0 5x 29mm - 145mm 4th of 162 in Ultra Compact Mixed photo quality, performanc (CNET) 1st of 8 in Lumix Its shutter lag is a bit too long for moving subjects and 8th of 71 in 12 Megapixels its photo quality a bit too imperfect for large prints (CNET) 2nd of 45 in Panasonic 3rd of 75 in 0 - 0 Panasonic Lumix DMC-FS25 NO <200 5x 29mm to 145mm Panasonic Lumix DMC-FX37 NO 280 5x 2.5 310 Venus IV Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ28 460 Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ100 - DUE OUT IN SEPTEMBER, 2010, I BELIEVE Lumix DMC-FZ100 can record high-resolution full-HD 1920x1080 60i movies in AVCHD (MPEG-4/H.264) format. Full-HD (1920 x 1080) movies are recorded at 60i. HD (1280 x 720) movies are output and recorded by the image sensor at 60p. Panasonic Lumix TZ10 12x $ 282 - $ 375 Sensor Size / Total Pixels / Filter 1/2.33-type / 14.5 Total Megapixels f=4.1-49.2mm (25-300mm in 35mm equiv.) Panasonic Lumix ZS1 no 300 12x 2.7 320 bad low light pics = NO 25 - 300 mm Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZS3 no 277 12x 3-inch 300 Venus Engine HD 25mm-300mm CAN ZOOM while filming F3.3 - F4.9 460,000 pixel 1280 x 720 (30 fps) AVCHD Lite Dolby Digital Stereo built-in lens cover you'll want to pick up the "multi conversion adapter" HDMI, records HD motion images with 1280 x 720-pixel resolution. It uses the AVCHD Lite (MPEG-4/ H.264). ===================================================================================================================================== PENTAX: Pentax X90 Megazoom 0 26x optical + 6.25x digital 1/2.33" (CCD) 26-676mm triple shake reduction 2.7" LCD; triple shake reduction technology; 12.1 Megapixel PictBridge compatible ===================================================================================================================================== SAMSUNG: Samsung HZ15W 7 10X optical + 5X digital 280 shots 1/2.33" (CCD) 24mm - 240mm ===================================================================================================================================== SONY: Sony Cybershot DSC-H20 9 10X + 2X digital 290 shots 38mm - 380mm RATHER NARROW LENS AT 'WIDE" 230,400 pixels 3648 x 2736 (10 Megapixel) F3.5 - F4.4 1/2.3" (CCD) Sony DSC-HX1 no 0 20x 3-inch 390 shots 28 - 560 mm uses a CMOS sensor, rather than the CCD Telephoto lens available (6 max 952 mm) Optinal: GPS, AC Adapter, Carrying cases, HDMI cable, HD output cable 8 Dell 9 http://www.broadwayphoto.com/cat/DigitalCameras/10704440/Cybershot_DSC-HX1/ 9 http://www.aandmphotoworld.com/viewproduct.aspx?id=10704441 9 ================================================================================================= Sony Cybershot W230 180 Sony Cybershot W290 no 0 5x Sony Cyber-shot DSC-T700 ================================================================================================= ================================================================================================= CANON S2 IS: S2 IS: Focal Length 6.0 - 72.0mm f/2.7-3.5 (35mm film equivalent: 36-432mm) S1 IS: 5.8 (W) - 58.0 (T)mm zoom lens (35mm film equivalent: 38 (W) - 380 (T)mm)


    Offload Camera Flash cards

    Ensure that one-button copies ALL pics from the card


    I have a backup device called a . Mine has a . (You can get a or a 320GB drive). I use the Wolverine for keeping a copy of pictures and videos that we take on safaris. I can even save pcitures from the Flash card and re-use the flash card. It has a builtin rechargable battery and power cord. It has slots for Eleven (11) different types of Flash cards Insert a flash card and push one button and it copies the contents to disk. It also has a USB connection so you can use it like an external hard drive. Comes with an internal battery. Comes in other capacities.

    Pacsafe Anti-Theft Bags & Travel Security Products

    Online, Kiosk or Minilab Printing of Digital Pictures


    Digital signals are either an ON ('1') or OFF (0') (discrete signals), as opposed to .

    DSLRs - Digital Single Lens Reflex (SLR) Camera REVIEWS

    BE CAREFUL - manufacturers use confusing model numbers,

    such as "D40" and "D40x" (BOTH) - Very Different cameras.

    If buying, does it come with a lens? Which lens?

    Is it a European, North American or Grey Market model?

    CANON DSLR Reviews






    Canon’s EOS 500D – or Rebel T1i as it’s known in North America

    CANON EOS REBEL T2i (Europe's 550D) REVIEWS

    18 megapixel APS-C CMOS sensor SDHC, SD and SDXC and Wireless SD cards. DIGIC 4 processor with ISO 100-6400 (Expansion to 12800) 1080p recording at 24, 25 and 30 fps (frames per second) Same EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 lens kit that comes with the T1i. Exposure compensation +/-5 stops. External Microphone socket 7.7cm (3.0”) 3:2 Clear View LCD with 1,040k dots Canon EF / EF-S lens mount 1.6x field of view crop DIGIC 4 processor with ISO 100-6400 (Expansion to 12800) Continuous shooting at 3.7fps Full HD movie recording with manual control and selectable frame rates 7.7cm (3.0”) 3:2 Clear View LCD with 1,040k dots iFCL metering System with 63-zone Dual-layer Metering Sensor Quick Control screen to change shooting settings Exposure compensation +/-5 stops (although viewfinder scale is still +/-2 stops) Select maximum value for Auto ISO External Microphone socket Movie crop function Eye-Fi connected functions compatibility EOS 550D gets a non-crippled full HD movie mode (1920 x 1080 at up to 30 fps, 720P at 60/50 fps, "Video memory card requirements for video are Speed Class 6 or higher SDHC or SDXC. Recorded file size is limited to 4 GB per video clip (12 minutes at 1080p) and a single video cannot be longer than 29 minutes and 59 seconds." - the-digital-picture.com "Zoom acts as an actual optical 7x" - about.com Note that this lens is effectively a 320 mm zoom (for Canon, multiply by 1.6, so we have 200 x 1.6 = 320 mm). Newer versions are the Canon EOS Rebel T5i, T4i and T3i. If you don't want to pay for a DSLR, You might consider the - it has superb zoom and stabilization capabiLities. ACCESSORIES: With its 11x zoom range T2i uses: Battery Pack LP-E8 and Battery Charger LC-E8E The LC-E8, DISCONTINUED, was replaced by the LC-E8E, which has an AC cord. SDHC FLASH CARDS: t2I can take: Recording Media: SD memory card, SDHC memory card, SDXC Memory Card 6400 RAW (25 MB) pictures per 640 RAW (25 MB) pictures per 16 GB card 320 RAW (25 MB) pictures per 8 GB card 160 RAW (25 MB) pictures per 4 GB card Do your own math, in case I screwed up! "This review is from: SanDisk 16GB Extreme - SDHC Class 10 High Performance memory card (SDSDX3-016G-P31, Retail Packaging) - NEW 30MB/s version Regarding complaints about performance with HD camcorders: SDHC cards are rated in MegaBytes per second (MB/sec). HD camcorders are rated in Megabits per second (Mb/sec). There are 8 bits per Byte. Therefore, an HD camcorder with 24Mb/sec video capture requires (24Mb/sec) / (8Mb/MB) = 3MB/sec SDHC card. A Class 4 SDHC card with at least 4MB/sec data transfer is more than enough to capture full HD. Those camcorders are not designed to work with and . Remember that Full HD, 1920 x 1080 pixels = 2,073,600 pixels, or 2 Megapixels. Digital SLRs shoot at 12 Megapixels with minimal lag time between shots requiring much higher data transfer rates than HD camcorders. Consequently, people who use Extreme Class 10 SDHC cards with high speed digital SLRs seem happy, but people using them with HD camcorders are not. It can be confusing, but you must use the appropriate card for your application. Faster is not always better." - $ 20 (rebate) Abe's Phone: 800-992-2237 "Quick card. 1080 video shoots without interruption and 3 jpg/second (18 megapixel) continuous shooting (Canon Rebel T2i). Works as expected. Shooting 1080 video, sorta wished the card was higher capacity. 3 minutes fills a gig of space. So, Canon Rebel T2i) about 4 12-minute clips." WHY DOES THIS PART NUMBER DIFFER SLIGHTLY FROM THAT OF Abe's of Maine??? FILTERS: LENS HOOD:

    CANON REBEL XS REVIEWS (European EOS 1000D) - 8

    10.1 megapixel CMOS - DIGIC III

    purpose-built for beginning DSLR users

    Rebel XS is newer, cheaper, less capable than the Rebel XSi - do NOT mix them up

    Service Notice: EOS Rebel XS: Firmware Update 1.0.6 ...

    CANON REBEL XSi REVIEWS (no longer produced)

    Canon EOS 450D - Known as the Rebel XSi in North America

    the Rebel XSi IS NOT the same as the Rebel XS


    NIKON D40, NOT the newer, fancier, D40x - 0

    The Nikon D40 is a 6 Megapixel entry-level digital SLR aimed at general consumers

    NIKON D40x, NOT the older, less fancy, D40

    NIKON D90 DSLR REVIEWS (released late 2008)


    NIKON D700 DSLR Reviews

    NIKON D3000 DSLR Reviews

    Nikon D3000 10.2MP Digital SLR Camera with 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G AF-S DX VR Nikkor Zoom Lens - 0 - Amazon

    NIKON D5000 DSLR Reviews - 8





    D-VHS - digital VHS tapes, for the recording of HDTV and DTV content. if you want to record HDTV onto a D-VHS VCR, you need ports. DVNR - Digital Video Noise Reduction.

    FILM Info (Video)

    FireWire = IEEE 1394 = iLink)

    FireWire is often used to carry either signal, commands or both in HDTV setups. FireWire was and is(?) the medium of choice for connecting video cameras. FireWire can carry audio, video and control signals all in one high-speed connection.

    ISO sensitivity

    There are two primary meanings of ISO here in the digital world: 1] In Digital Photography ISO measures the sensitivity of the image sensor. The same principles apply as in film photography – the lower the number the less sensitive your camera is to light and the finer the grain - 2] ISO image file - an exact representation of a CD or DVD, including the content and the logical format.

    Layout Compositing / Layers (Graphics)

    .M4A = MPEG 4 Audio files are Apple's wrongly named audio only files. Doom9.org states that .m4a files can be renamed to (and processed as) .mp4 files. No licenses or payments are required for M4A. .m4e files are renamed Envivo .sdp files. () .m4p files are iTunes protected files. () .m4v files are Apple's wrongly named file extension for files. .m4v files are usually raw mpeg-4 video data (not encapsulated in MP4). () Doom9.org states that .m4v files can be renamed to (and processed as) .mp4 files. Other sources maintain that any file suffix with the numeral '4' in the middle, is DRM protected. MB - Megabyte. 1024 times 1024 bytes (10 to the 6th power) = 1,048,576. Mbps - Megabits per second. Millions (10 to the 6th) of bits per second. megapixel - an image/display format with a resolution of approximately 1 million pixels. memory - Computer/digital electronics data storage (usually does not rotate). Examples: RAM - Random Access Memory (does not have to be be read/written sequential). Data in normal RAM will be erased when the RAM is powered off. ROM - (permanent) Read Only Memory (can not be re-written). Some people include CDs, DVDs, Floppies and the like as memory. MHz - One million (10 to the 6th power) .

    MS HD Photo = JPEG-XR

    Microsoft has developed MS HD Photo, an HD photo compression algorithm. MS HD Photo will probably be called: JPEG-XR, and will be royality FREE. nits - Candela per square metre - a (video / ) measure of . PEL - same as a .


    Photo Edition - FREE Resources, Photo Stock


    Here is a TechRepublic article . I don't know who put it together, so I can't give him/her credit. It quickly discusses 10 online photo editing sites. runs in browsers without needing Adobe's Flash

    PHOTO EDITING (non photoshop)



    Most (good) Digital Cameras sold now (2005) use USB 2.0


    PHOTO SHARING (via WEB) - free?

    LIGHTROOM (Adobe's Photoshop)

    Adobe's Lightroom 3 is out, and the is the latest version. LIGHTROOM 3 IS AVAILABLE RAW IMAGES: See also:

    Lightroom 3 and PicasaWeb

    Using Picasaweb from Lightroom 3(LR3)

    Lightroom - SimpleViewer-Pro - Full Screen Slideshow plug-in

    Adobe Creative Suite 6 (Photoshop)

    Not Yet Released

    Adobe Creative Suite 5 (Photoshop)

    No articles here yet.

    Adobe Creative Suite 4 (Photoshop)

    No articles here yet.


    CS3 has been released and is said to use MACROVISION , whereas CS2 does NOT use Macrovision. Adobe Photoshop CS3 shipped on April 16, 2007 and is no longer hosted on Adobe Labs.

    Photoshop CS2 Free Tutorials

    Supposedly free CS2 online courses and Tutorials. It is possible that some are come-ons - I don't know.



    AutoPhoto Lite Photo/Graphic Edges 10,000+

    Photoshop RESOURCES, Other


    PictBridge allows direct printing of digital images from digital cameras. Some photoprinters, such as my Canon i9900, have a PictBridge port on the front of it, for direct downloading of pictures from digital cameras. is usually implemented via USB.





    Canon 8-color i9900 Photo Printer 12 mm maximum paper thickness. All my photo papers are under 11 mm. i9900 Box Contents 1. i9900 Photo Printer 2. i9900 Printhead 3. Ink Tanks: BCI-6C Cyan, BCI-6M Magenta, BCI-6Y Yellow, BCI-6Bk Black, BCI-6PC Photo Cyan, BCI-6PM Photo Magenta, BCI-6R Red and BCI-6G Green. Tanks are SEE-THROUGH. Cannon i9900 Photo Printer Colors (13ml) from Left to Right Box says Cartridge Color 6 Photo Magenta BCI-6PM 6PM Photo Magenta 6 Red BCI-R 6R Red 6 Black BCI-6BK 6BK Black 6 Green BCI-6G 6G Greeen 6 Photo Cyan BCI-6PC 6PC Photo Cyan 6 Cyan BCI-6C 6C Cyan 6 Magenta BCI-6M 6M Magenta 6 Yellow BCI-5Y 6Y Yellow 4. Photo Paper Pro for Borderless Printing 4" x 6" Sample Paper Pack 5. Power Cord 6. Setup Software and User's Guide CD-ROM 7. Documentation kit A. PictBridge B. Supports three computers at once - Windows USB 1.1, Windows USB 2.0 and MAC Firewire. C. Front USB input

    Canon PIXMA Pro9000 - 8-color dye-based ink Photo Printer

    Canon PIXMA Pro 9000 Mark II - 8-color dye-based ink Photo Printer

    Canon PIXMA Pro 9500 - 10-color LUCIA pigment ink - Photo Printer

    Canon PIXMA Pro 9500 Mark II - 10-color LUCIA pigment ink - Photo Printer

    HiTi 730PS - Dye-sub Photo Printer

    NOT AS GOOD, BUT STILL GOOD and CHEAPER (based on reviews)

    HP D7560 Photosmart Printer - 0 - October 2008

    DISCONTINUED, BUT Still available cyan, yellow, magenta, black, and photo black. "the output easily qualified as true photo quality" "Graphics quality was another pleasant surprise." "Text quality is a little below par for an inkjet"

    H-P's 9 Photosmart 8250 Photo Printer - 2005 (discontinued?)

    H-P's Photosmart 8150 Photo Printer

    HP Photosmart 2610 All-in-One Printer

    The HP 2610 has a built-in Ethernet port

    HP Photosmart A516 Compact Photo Printer -

    Whille I have not seen this printer, PCmag rates it as very good, e/pictures nearly waterproof.


    OUR OPINIONS - OUR PROFESSIONAL FRIENDS AGREE WITH OUR OPINIONS ABOUT PRINTMASTER My wife has had at least seven versions of PrintMaster. She just wants to make nice, custom cards, using great included graphics and her own pictures. The earlier the version, the better looking included graphics (opinion of EVERYONE I have ever talked to, about PrintMaster). We have ALWAYS found that apparent software bugs cause problems with projects that my wife created with PrintMaster. Of the versions that I had, Only one would run WITHOUT having to have the Printmaaster media (CD or DVD online) - How stupid! Note that PrintMaster has been sold at least once (twice, I think), and the the current owner, , did not originally develop it. . Everytime I was going to upgrade again, the comments on the Internet stated tha the "latest version' was worse that before, and the included graphics even worse and in fewer numbers. I like the support people! PrintMaster VERSIONS THAT I KNOW WE HAVE HAD (I have the licenses/manuals): PrintmMaster Gold PrintMaster Platinum PrintMaster Gold 4.0 PrintMaster Gold 8 PrintMaster Platinum 10 PrintMaster Gold 12 PrintMaster Gold 16 BroderBund is bringing out a new version of PrintMaster, PrintMaster Platinum 2.0 I see by the publisher's review, PrintMaster Platinum 2.0 comes on DVD and you can install all, part, non of the clip-art, as desired. PrintMaster 2.0 can NOT read any projects created by earlier versions of PrintMaster. PrintMaster PROBLEMS / FORUMS: : "Just purchased Print Master 2.0 thinking it was an upgrade from Print Master 18, but found (in conversation with Broderbund customer service) that the two programs were developed and produced by different companies. I discoved only after installing Print Master 2.0 that it does NOT RECOGNIZE any of the projects/files created in Print Master 18." "Art is so small, you have to open it to tell what it is"


    Adobe RGB (1998)

    See also: See also: See also: See also: See also:

    ProPhoto RGB

    See also: See also: See also: See also: See also:


    sRGB - An agreement to standardize how to handle colors, originally for Monitors, but now for any monitor, printer, scanner, or camera. sRGB means (ITU-R BT.709 primaries, 2.2 gamma, 6500º Kelvin, no luma spec but try 30 fL for consistency with video). See also: See also: See also: See also: See also:

    SRGB.ICM File

    ROM - Read Only Memory (can not be over-written).




    Canon CanoScan 8400F Flatbed/negative Color Image Scanner - 0

    Konica Minolta Dimage Scan Elite 5400 II USB 2.0 Film Scanner (about $ 550)

    Careful, there are different Dimage scanners. SCMS - Serial copy management system, used to limit the number of copies that can be made from copies.

    Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR)

    The ratio of pure signal to extraneous noise, in Decibels (dB>). Also referrred to as S/N.

    SCART - 21-pin EuroSCART AV connector

    SCART was developed by the French and is the most common AV connector used in Europe.


    You MUST use a flash card rated at least as fast as your camera specification calls for, or else you may experience dropouts when recording video, and longer pauses between single picture shots (non-video). Note that Manufacturers rate their own cards - not one checks the actual rate of the flash card. : " Class 2 = 16 Mbit/s (2 MB/s) Class 3 Class 4 32 Mbit/s (4 MB/s) Class 5 Class 6 48 Mbit/s (6 MB/s) Class 7 Class 8 Class 9 Class 10 80 Mbit/s (10 MB/s)" - NOTE - I now have Class 10 cards rated at 20 MBs/second. WARNING the Canon T2i will NOT shoot video on a higher than CLASS 6 card. I do not know about the T4i nor the T3i, HOWEVER, You CAN use Class 10 in the T2i for pictures (not video) "This review is from: SanDisk 16GB Extreme - SDHC Class 10 High Performance memory card (SDSDX3-016G-P31, Retail Packaging) - NEW 30MB/s version Regarding complaints about performance with HD camcorders: SDHC cards are rated in MegaBytes per second (MB/sec). HD camcorders are rated in Megabits per second (Mb/sec). There are 8 bits per Byte. Therefore, an HD camcorder with 24Mb/sec video capture requires (24Mb/sec) / (8Mb/MB) = 3MB/sec SDHC card. A Class 4 SDHC card with at least 4MB/sec data transfer is more than enough to capture full HD. Those camcorders are not designed to work with Class 6 and Class 10 cards. Remember that Full HD, 1920 x 1080 pixels = 2,073,600 pixels, or 2 Megapixels. Digital SLRs shoot at 12 Megapixels with minimal lag time between shots requiring much higher data transfer rates than HD camcorders. Consequently, people who use Extreme Class 10 SDHC cards with high speed digital SLRs seem happy, but people using them with HD camcorders are not. It can be confusing, but you must use the appropriate card for your application. Faster is not always better."


    I have a UHSI-I card rated READ: 90MB/S WRITE: 45MB/S. "UHS-I cards, specified in SD Version 3.01,[40] support a clock frequency of 100 MHz (a quadrupling of the original "Default Speed"), which in four-bit transfer mode could transfer 50 MB/s. UHS-I cards declared as UHS104 also support a clock frequency of 208 MHz, which could transfer 104 MB/s. UHS-I is the only class for which products are currently available." - SQUEEZED VIDEO - same as . See also: See also:


    a video connection scheme in which the brightness and color video information are delivered on separate wires.


    sYCC is simply YCC created from . sYCC saves file size for otherwise huge TIF files. It makes no sense to select it for JPG since JPG already incorporates it for free. .


    WAV - WAV was a joint development effort between IBM and Microsoft. Any program that plays audio files should be able to play Windows .wav files. WAV files are not compressed. WAV files use an average bit rate of 1411.2Kbps. Note that the typical MP3 files bit rate is 128Kbps, creating a much smaller file.




    • I am NOT Responsible for any Errors - Use at your own risk